February 7th is the 210th anniversary of the birth of Charles Dickens.
BARCHUK AT THE WAX FACTORY
Dickens was born into a well-to-do English family: his father was a civil servant in the Maritime Administration and had a very decent income. However, despite his easy income, he spends it and ends up in debt. All of this led to John Dickens being hunted by creditors and eventually landed in debtors’ prison. It was not a prison: the prisoners themselves lived in what they could, buying food, hosting guests … the main task was to find money to pay the debts. Although relatives of the prisoners were allowed to stay in this prison, John’s wife took advantage of moving there with her young children.
And Charles, who is 12 years old, already thinks that he is an adult (and by the way, he smokes, smells tobacco and drinks beer and is older, at that time he thinks that he is normal). When his father’s business failed, Charles found work in a factory where he affixed labels to beeswax bottles. In a sense, he fell from the leader to the ground.
Some believe that at this time Dickens was born a writer: the “homeboy”, a barchuk, had seen how ordinary people lived, learned what to do, and then wrote his whole life for those who are humiliated and hated. . But maybe the young Dickens can get rid of this embarrassing experience. He has an amazing imagination, and the only adventure books he likes to read are fantasy. At the same time, as a child, he wandered around London for hours observing street life, searching for and remembering interesting facts.
He dreamed of becoming an actor, but a solid and profitable career as an artist seemed better. Dickens learned shorthand to perfection, and after a while, he began to write letters for Parliament. At the age of 18, he began to compose; the reason, as always, is love. An awkward and moving poem, which he addressed to his lover Maria Bidnell (the first letters of each line spelled the name “Maria”) survives. Nothing came of his dealings with this girl, but she left a deep and indelible mark on the soul of Dickens. But he quickly moved from poetry to storytelling: at the age of twenty he wrote and published his first story. Then he wrote new stories and writings (in English they were called sketches, we translate them as “pictures” or “essays”) under the pseudonym “Boz”. The “Boz Trials” first made him famous.
In essence, Dickens lived by the “live fast, die young” principle. He never died an old man, he was 58 years old. And if he is not alive, then he writes clearly (at least from the outside it seems that way). By the age of 25, he had two masterpieces of English literature to his credit: The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club and The Adventures of Oliver Twist. And before the famous novels: “David Copperfield”, “Nicholas Nickleby”, “Martin Chuzzlewit”, “Bleak House”, “Little Dorrit”, “The Antiquities Shop”, “Dombey and Son”, “Great Expectations” , “A Tale of Two Cities”, “Our Mutual Friend”… Readings that can surprise and surprise the reader today, especially if you collect these books in a warm house in the evening cold February. And this is not counting, for example, a fairy tale and moral “A Christmas Carol in Prose”, in English-speaking countries it has become an important attribute of Christmas, as in our country “Irony of Fate ” , a feature of the New Year. And Dickens found recognition while he was alive: he became a fictional star who earned a lot of money, although his forties did not change.
DID I MURDER YOU IN A PAST LIFE?
Arthur Conan Doyle believed in the existence of fairies, Victor Hugo visited ghosts, and so Dickens loved the paranormal. He is a regular member of the “Ghost Club” (an organization where these characters are well-studied). It should be noted that the desire did not appear out of the blue: Dickens was subject, for example, to the negative aspects of déjà vu. When he first appeared in the Italian city of Ferrara, he was convinced that he had arrived there. “Perhaps I died here in the past? he wrote in a very happy mood. Where else can he get such vivid memories of this place? My blood runs cold when I know it. to one after the other to the new news. Memories of places I have never been so clear in my mind that I can’t forget myself now.”
It was a visionary dream: one day he saw a room full of people dressed in red, and a woman said her last name was Naper. And the next day, at the meeting with the readers, a fan appeared in a red bow. “Your name is Naper, of course?” Dickens breaks down. He wondered: “What did you think?” Once, when he woke up early in the morning, he saw his own father in the room (it was a different place then). “A little more worried, I reached out to put my hand on my father’s shoulder… and took the uncertainty… I think that morning for me was a time of soul meeting.”
Many writers begin to refer to their characters as real people; but Dickens heard them (perhaps even saw them). He admitted that he actually heard every word before he wrote it. For example, little Nell from the Antique Shop rolls around at his feet, asks to talk to him, and scolds him when he interrupts conversations with others. Psychologist and anthropologist Nandor Fodor, author of The Unknown Dickens, explains: “When he worked on Martin Chuzzlewit, Dickens even hated Mrs. Gump: through his mockery, he mocked her. This happened in the most dangerous places, for example, in the church, where the author fought with his own heroine almost by force. Dickens warned Mrs. Gump more than once: if he doesn’t learn to manage properly and he doesn’t go to work alone, he won’t give him another row! In general, all of these are associated with schizophrenia; however, Fodor himself was careful not to make this analysis, explaining Dickens’ skepticism in terms of his creativity and imagination. The images born in his brain are very clear, they “pop” and become visions.
But in a broader poetic context, it seems logical that Dickens’ last unfinished novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood, was completed posthumously by the engineer TP Jaime. Suddenly he began to receive messages from the other world, which the previous author told him in the last chapters. And many believe that the character of Dickens is best known in these parts (soon to be published), and the book looks like a club…
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